Old Russian Symbolics on a White and Blue Porcelain

Russian porcelain is widely known and is often used as a traditional gift. The art of decorative painting on porcelain is handed down by craftsmen from generation to generation. Few of us, however, have asked ourselves what exactly is depicted on a Gzhel teapot or a Lomonosov porcelain cup. The blue color, glazed cobalt, has a long history.

Majolica made in Gzhel, 60 kilometers from Moscow, has traditionally been decorated with glazed cobalt.

Archeological excavations prove that the craft of pottery has existed in Gzhel since the beginning of the 14th century.

It is possible White and Blue undergalzed cobalt painting tehnology appeared at Gzhel due to invasion of Mongols. Blue and White China was well known product of Chinisean Yuan and Ming dynasties and Mongols could deliver examples of that china to Russia at 13-14th centuries.

In the second half of the 17th century, Afanasy Grebenshchikov, a merchant, built a manufacture where he made various kinds of majolica earthenware. For his ware, he used the famous white clay (Gzhel), as well as the experience of potters from Gzhel. Upon returning to their homes, the craftsmen began establishing their own majolica manufactures.

Traditionally, Gzhel porcelain has been decorated using flower motifs, the Gzhel Rose, for example, and fabulous creatures such as the Firebird. Gzhel porcelain often features octagonal shapes, shapes with eight radial points, shapes with twelve or six radial points, as well as a three-leaf clover.

What do these symbols represent?

The Firebird is a pagan, pre-Christian god of the ancient Slavs, the embodiment of the god of storms. In Slavic tales, this is a fairy bird that flies from another kingdom (a faraway land).

The Firebird is a very ancient pagan god that has survived only in traditional Russian folk tales.

The symbol of the Sumerian goddess Inanna (Ishtar) denotes 'clear sky', which was ruled by Zeus. The late Scythians traced their origins back to Zeus. His third wife, Hera, was a co-ruler of the sky. Her symbol was a duck ('sunny' in Sumerian), a golden bird or Zhar bird (Russian name of the Firebird, deriving from the Scythian zar, gold).

It is assumed that the Firebird of the ancient Slavs came from the Zhar bird (Golden Bird) of the Scythians.

Flowers were the symbol of the sun among the ancient Slavs. Flowers were braided into the hair of girls during celebrations of the ancient festival dedicated to the god the Sun.

The bud of a flower symbolizes a possibility.

A flower in full bloom represents development and fruition.

The ancient Slavs often used ceramic jars for religious purposes, as well as calendars. This gave rise to the tradition of decorating tableware with octagons (ancient Slavs recognized eight parts of the world) and calendar symbols (the twelve months).

The three-leaf clover symbolized a part of the tree of life, procreation, and the connection between the ancestors and future generations. The symbol of the tree of life is very ancient and exists in the folklore of many peoples. D. Melchizedek wrote that this symbol includes all the formulas of the creation of the world - every single one of them.

Let us, however, return to the later historical period.

During the Middle Ages, cobalt glazed decoration enjoyed especial popularity.

Gzhel craftsmen like to say that there is no blue like the blue of their sky in Russia.

So, the idea came to them to transfer this blue onto white porcelain. The design is transferred to unfired majolica or porcelain. After it is fired at a very high temperature, the paint acquires its famous deep blue color and becomes glazed over by the process. The design is very durable. The colors and the glaze shimmer. It looks delicate and esthetically pleasing on white porcelain and porcelain with gold, and gives a delicate and elite character to the tableware.

In the beginning of the 18th century, porcelain was especially popular in the Russian Empire. It was valued more highly than gold. The French Imperial Plant was one of the main manufacturers of porcelain tableware. Porcelain items were manufactured for the court of the Bourbons, and blue was the traditional color for decoration, since it was the color of the coat of arms of the Bourbons.

Soon, Russia acquired this tradition - porcelain of that time was often decorated with blue and gold. Initially, this tradition was not as widespread, and the 'ancestor' of the modern, world-famous cobalt mesh of the Lomonosov Plant, the set that belonged to the Empress Elizabeth, known for her passion for porcelain, was pink. (Cups of this design are still being manufactured and are called pink mesh). Glazed cobalt, however, has become characteristic of Russian porcelain, due to the technology of its manufacture - the higher firing technology than that of the French porcelain.

Later, under the the influence of Empire, the style that Catherine the Great was especially fond of, many buildings in St. Petersburg and Moscow were decorated in blue and gold. Glazed cobalt decoration of porcelain items augmented by gold over glaze was especially popular at that time. These traditions may also be noted in the world - famous cobalt mesh, blue, flower motifs of glazed cobalt - an Empire - style tree of life, and gold over glaze that symbolizes the ancient Firebird.

Article provided by Lomonosov porcelain internet shop
http://www.rus-sell.com

I, Ego, and Power

I: - A vowel that didn't appear in sacerdotal alphabets for which there is little,... Read More

Ernesto Apomayta offers Explanation of Mediums, Paints, & Techniques Used by Artists

Special Types of MediumsRice paper is a very delicate medium with lots of natural imperfections... Read More

What is Your Birthstone?

Just about everyone knows what his or her birthstone is. Why is that? Because people... Read More

Copper Keels and Red Ochre

Copper Keels:Nature provides varying resources in different parts of the world. In Ireland the use... Read More

Mythology and Parables in Modern Communication - Part 2

There is a big adjustment coming in terms of our Human and Spiritual evolution, where... Read More

Mexican Living: Myth Busting

Myth One: Mexicans are lazy, good-for-nothings.I mention this one first because it is one of... Read More

Is Timing the Secret of Success?

Success is often viewed as a magic potion. Market demand has always been there, but... Read More

How to Clean Your Civil War Uniform

How necessary is cleaning your Civil War Uniform?The every day Confederate or Union soldier's uniform... Read More

ML - CHI - Zadok and the Making of Gold

ATOMIC HIGH-SPIN TECHNOLOGY: - In 1950 B.C. there was a priest-king in Salem who understood... Read More

Tribal Masks

Original Tribal masks are often seen by unknowing eyes as art objects in themselves. That... Read More

Personal Protection Specialists and Celebrity Stalking

Celebrity stalking has become the way for the socially inept to; A. "normality" or B.... Read More

The History of Body Piercings - Ancient and Fascinating Around the World

Body piercings have seen a resurgence of interest in the last ten to twenty years... Read More

Crazy Horse

My ancestry includes Colonel Miles (or Myles) Keough (or Keogh) through a relationship that apparently... Read More

How to Make Your Civil War Uniform Shirt

Your own shirt designed and made by you for your own Civil War Uniform Impression... Read More

When We Was Kids In Chicago

Radio was the big communicator, back when I was a kid. Whole families huddled around... Read More

Her Last Day in Court

"Ron, I can't take much more of his sleazy behavior! I really don't think you... Read More

A Brief Biography of Rene Boissevain the Agate Adventurer and Creator of The Crystal Caves Museum

In 1964 myself (Ren?), Nelleke my wife, and our daughter Iefje emigrated from Holland to... Read More

Conspiracies: The Pyramid and the Sphinx

Egypt has long been the source of countless conspiracies, ranging from ancient lost civilizations to... Read More

What is Feng Shui, and How Does It Work?

Feng shui (say "fung shway"), often called the art of placement, could just as accurately... Read More

Miss-story

Many 'fabulous' personages and concepts are created by man. Some are attempts to make sense... Read More

History and the Cathars (Courtly Love):

This is an entry from my three volume encyclopedia.CRUSADES, CATHARS AND 'COURTLY LOVE': - One... Read More

The Wandle Trail - Announced Regeneration Project

The River Wandle is sourced from the North Downs above Croydon, surfacing now in Waddon,... Read More

Arthur Koestler

ARTHUR KOESTLER:Humanitarian, historian and scientist are just a few of the labels associated with this... Read More

Bewitching Jewelry -- Amulets, Talismans and Charms

Throughout the ages, men and women have used gemstones and crystals in personal ornaments and... Read More

African Americans: Get the Winning Edge

Everybody wants an edge that will give him or her a competitive advantage that will... Read More

Basic Chinese Pinyin Rules

* Make sure you set your browser encoding correctly to read Chinese words in this... Read More

Paul Hamm: Did He Deserve Gymnastics Gold in 2004?

What was the controversy all about?In the 2004 Olympics, an all-star group of athletes from... Read More

Dreaming of Love and Peace

She dreams of touring Europe and the US to sing of love and peace. That... Read More

Fancy Dress Parties

Fancy dress parties have been around since for centuries and were particularly popular in Europe... Read More

Masking European Animism

The ancient peoples of Europe were more fond of masks and religious ritual than you... Read More

The Five Feng Shui Elements and Their Characteristics

Feng shui handles five main elements in order to achieve harmony and balance in any... Read More

Precious Stones -The Big Five: Part 1, The Emerald

The emerald is probably the most rare of all precious stones and is considered by... Read More

Gymnastics Olympic Champions From 1988-2004

Here are the men's and women's all-around champions from the last five Olympic Games --... Read More

Flows of Civilization; Views from a Think Tank

Over the past few years we have been discussing many topics. Most of what is... Read More

Understanding Astrological Predictions

Opinions about astrological prediction are generally divided: "Mysterious! Magical!", say some; "Nonsense!", reply others. In... Read More

OM to Ogham

Plato observed that the advent of an alphabet making writing efficient for average people actually... Read More

Native American Astrology: The Hawk (March 21 - April 19)

The Hawk is the first sign of the Native American astrology, it heralds spring and... Read More

Amber Mysteries Revealed

Amber, the gem of a stone that's not really a gemstone at all, is actually... Read More

Mexican Living: Issues of Life

This morning when I got out of bed, I had some severe issues that have... Read More

Feng Shui Horoscopes

A great tool to help you find out more about yourself.Chinese feng shui horoscope is... Read More

Sun Tzu: The Art of War

The Art of War is an ancient Chinese text on strategy and warfare written by... Read More

Better Red than Dead!

Red, perhaps the first color our eyes perceive.It is said that people suffering from temporary... Read More

Can You Hear My Secret Calling

A true love story"So, was it an eyes-meet-across-the-room-thing and you knew you were destined for... Read More

Yes Tarot Readings Are For You!

Have you ever thought?What is the best way out of this situation or which job... Read More

African Masks

The following is a general over view of African Masks.There are still places in Africa... Read More

What is Y Ddraig Goch - the Welsh Red Dragon?

The red Dragon was introduced to Britain during Roman times. It is possible that the... Read More

Top 10 Questions about Body Piercing

Body piercing has grown so much in popularity in recent years that it has become... Read More

Mythology and Parables in Modern Communication - Part 4

At the end of Part 3 in this series I was using my own Inspirational... Read More

How to Create a Multi-Artistic Piece (Article 1 of 2)

In the late 19th century the music world was graced by an artist who would... Read More

The Life of Nikola Tesla - Intro

It is not my purpose to claim to know all the wonders of the life... Read More