Three Main Trout Senses

An angler should therefore become familiar with the three main senses a trout uses. These are:

Smell:

Trout have amazing powers of smell. For humans, trying to understand smell underwater is rather difficult since we can't do it. However, trout have no difficulty smelling underwater, so it is worth an anglers time to make sure that they aren't introducing foreign smells into a trout stream (which can warn a trout to a lurking danger such as a fisherman.)

When fly fishing for trout, do your best to avoid any artificial smells that are completely foreign to a trout stream. Avoiding these smells, though, of often easier said than done, as the sources of these smells can come from many sources. Fly line cleaners, fly floatants, epoxies and glue can all contribute alien smells to a trout stream. Other things such as aftershave, deodorant and even the smell of your clothing can all tip off a trout that an angler is near.

Obviously, you can't get rid of all foreign smells you may introduce into a trout stream. However, there are a number of easy things a fisherman can do to reduce the likelihood of a trout getting wise due to smell. When using fly line cleaners and fly floatants, use the newer ones that are designed to "mask" the chemical smell. The cleaners and floatants are usually the same price as other "non-masking" chemicals, but can go a long way towards reducing the likelihood of a trout becoming alert to the fisherman due to smell.

Also, before hitting a challenging trout stream, it never hurts to leave the cologne and other fancy deodorants back in the hotel room. On a challenging trout stream, an angler needs every edge they can get, and avoiding strange smells to finicky trout is a good way to do this.

Remember, trout have very powerful senses of smell. It is only logical that they will use this sense to identify flies presented their way to determine whether or not is something that is good to eat. A funny smelling fly, due to either chemical floatants or inadvertently smelling like Old Spice, is a good way to send a trout away from your fly and onto more "naturally" smelling food.

Sight:

Sight is of crucial important to trout, which is not surprising. After all, it's the sense that they use when determining whether or not to eat something that comes their way. Trout, in particular, have excellent close-range vision although they lack in long-range vision. This close range vision by the trout is why so many imitation flies may fail to grab the interest of a trout ? the trout can easily determine if given time if the fly looks like something it is accustomed too.

A trout sees the world through what is known as the "trout's window". This window is a cone shaped view that extends up from the eye at an ever-increasing diameter. Thus, the deeper the trout is, the more the trout can see.

A trout will only eat something that passes within this cone of vision since this is where they can see it and inspect it. Due to their other excellent senses, trout may very well be aware of something on the water that is outside of this cone of vision. But a trout consider eating it if it sees the fly in their cone of vision.

This knowledge leads to one strategy all anglers should use when fishing to rising trout. When fly fishing to a rising trout, it is very important to drop the fly not where the rise was but upstream of where the rise was. By presenting a fly upstream from the rise, the fly will float down the river naturally, not just suddenly appearing in the trout's cone of vision, which is likely to seem suspicious to a cunning trout.

Trout also have the ability to determine color, including subtle shades of color. This is why the same fly in two different colors can produce remarkably different results when fishing, the trout may simply be eating one color insect and avoiding others.

Lastly, trout also have the ability to see the profile of a fly. Of all the characteristics of a fly, this is perhaps the most important. A fly that does not have the same profile as seen from underwater compared to what they are accustomed to eating, is not likely to be very successful. For this reason, it is always important to make sure that your flies float properly, especially when dry fly fishing.

Moreover, even if your dry fly is a spitting imitation of the real thing, it is not likely to draw strikes if your fly floats awkwardly (or partially sinks).

This is a good reason to avoid the real cheap flies you may see - the colors of these cheap flies may look right, but the profile is likely to be wrong when on the water.

Sound:

Trout have an acute sense of hearing that is well worth understanding. Trout have two sound receptors. The first one runs along the length of the fish's body. This receptor picks up frequency vibrations ? such as the banging of rocks or oars against a boat. A second receptor, located inside the trout's ear, is used to detect the movement of aquatic insects which the trout eats. This receptor is extremely acute, allowing the trout to hear sound frequencies well outside the human hearing range. This hearing receptor of the trout is what allows the fish to find food even in very murky water.

Because trout have such acute senses of hearing, anglers need to keep several things in mind when fishing for trout.

First, trout can't hear human voices outside of the water. Thus, having a loud conversation about something along the bank of a river will not spook the trout.

Second, trout are acutely aware of vibrations and sound that occur in the river. Banging oars on the side of a boat is a wonderful way to alert the trout to your presence, thus spooking them. Likewise, great care should be taken when wading. Wading loudly, either caused or by the splashing of the water or the movement of rocks beneath the angler's feet, is easily heard by a trout ? especially in slower moving water. In fast water, these vibrations tend to get drowned out by the current and rapids. But in slower water, such as runs or spring creeks, it is crucial that an angler take care when wading.

Third, trout are easily able to hear things that fall into a river, especially in slower water. A nearby trout can readily hear a grasshopper or other bug that falls into the river. Because of this, care must be taken in casting to prevent the fly line from making a splash in the water or from having the fly itself strike the river at full force. A gently dropping fly is far more likely to attract the attention of a trout than one that gets slammed into the river due to a bad cast or too heavy of a fly or fly line.

About The Author

Brett Fogle is the publisher of Fly Fishing Secrets, an insiders guide to flyfishing tips and techniques of the pros. To sign up for free flyfishing tips and other articles, please visit www.fly-fishing-secrets.com.

brett@ macarthurwatergardens.com

Night Fishing Preparation, The Key To Success

Preparation is the Key To Successful Night Fishing, You Better Have These...Night fishing requires quite... Read More

The Alaskan Experience

"FISH ON!!"I yelled, as my seven weight fly rod bent over and the line played... Read More

Spinnerbait Fishing Tactics for Spotted Bay Bass

Like most fishermen my age I originally learned about spinnerbait fishing for largemouth bass with... Read More

Where To Find 10 Fly Fishing Tips In A Single Paragraph

When looking for information on how to fly fish, fly fishing tips or fly fishing... Read More

Stories From the Heartland (Pt.1)

Every River Tells a StoryThe next time you begin a journey or fishing expedition on... Read More

Photographing Your Trophy Fish

When it comes to catch and release lakes, it is important for you to be... Read More

The Fishing Mark of Mablethorpe on the East Coast of England

MABLETHORPE, is a beach resort on the East coast of England. The beach is a... Read More

Grandpas Pond

We can learn alot from kids.Last Friday, which incidently was St. Jean Baptiste Day in... Read More

Marine News Fall 2004 - Endangered and Threatened in Florida

Our oceans are home to many marine mammals, fish, turtles, corals and others. The delicate... Read More

Fly Fishing Rods ? Getting The Bends

Picking a fly fishing rod is a tricky endeavor. Do you go with your ego,... Read More

Bass Fishing? Watch Out For the Gators!

Lakes in certain parts of the country contain more than something you want in your... Read More

Bluefin Tuna Fishing

Bluefin tuna are one of the greatest challenges to anglers off the coast of New... Read More

Online Fishing Forums Change the Way Anglers Fish For Information and Photos

As the landscape of the World Wide Web changes at lightning speed, so do many... Read More

Ever Said: We Should Have Caught Bass By Now?

Have you ever been on a lake and thought to yourself or said to your... Read More

Do You Make Your Kids Fishing Experience Enjoyable?

If you take your children fishing with you, they can enjoy something for the rest... Read More

Pitchin For Large Mouth Bass

Well, we have talked about flippin and now we'll mention pitchin.Both techniques are used to... Read More

Reviving Billfish

Last summer we had an unfortunate incident with a swordfish we brought to the boat.It... Read More

Hawaii Sport Fishing

If you're coming to experience Hawaii sport fishing, you have one heck of an adventure... Read More

Drop-Shotting For Picky-Overfished Bass

There is a fairly new technique when it comes to bass fishing but it works... Read More

Gear Needed for Fishing with Nymphs

Now that we've covered what nymph fly fishing is all about, let's next take a... Read More

Fishing Alaska: The Alaskan Sampler Plate...Part I

I just recently returned from my first fishing trip to Alaska.If you have ever dreamed... Read More

We Can Put A Fish On The Moon

This aint exactly rocket scientry boys...I picked up a copy of The Oregonian this morning... Read More

The Way Of A Bass Fisherman With a Fly Rod And The Way Of A Bass With A Fly

-----SIDEBAR------------------------------------------Older fly fishing classics contain a wealth of knowledge for the beginner fly fisher as... Read More

Importance of Artificial Light While Swordfishing

The use of light, either chemical or battery powered plays an important role in catching... Read More

Introduction to Lake Fly Fishing Techniques

Often lake fish will gather in schools and cruise around looking for food, but often... Read More

Just What Is the Stream Trout?

The term stream trout is actually a term used to encompass any of the stream... Read More

Fly Fishing Secrets for the Novice as Well as the Seasoned Angler

Perhaps the most rewarding element of fly fishing is the variety of beautiful natural surroundings... Read More

Making The Most of Your Time - Fishing Safety Rules Everyone Should Know

When you are going fishing, whether nearby your home or on a long distance trip,... Read More

Saltwater Fly Fishing in Washington State

When most people think of saltwater fly fishing their minds drift to tropical climates and... Read More

Steroids Running Rampant In Fishing World

You knew it would come to this sooner or later....I was sitting in one of... Read More

Fly Fishing the Tide Rips for Coho Salmon off the Northwest Tip of Washington State

Tide rips are one of the most common areas to fly fish for salmon at... Read More

The Secret About Night Fishing Line

The Best Type Of Line For Night FishingHere is a topic that is often debated... Read More

What You Need To Know About Spinner Fishing

Many people know just what type of lure they want to use in order to... Read More

Night Fishing Preparation

I have to admit this subject bores me to tears. Amazingly, the simple fact is... Read More

Something Is Buzzing And Its Not Bees

We all have used buzz baits and we know why the bass like them right?... Read More

Selecting the Right Tackle

One of the most important things to consider when fly fishing is choosing your tackle... Read More

Colorado Fly Fishing ? Bait Huckin vs. Fly Fishin

It was one of those fishing trips. You know, everyone catches fish but you, you... Read More

Stream Trout Fishing

Many people enjoy a nice, long fishing trip. Others enjoy fishing trips that take them... Read More

The Old Heddon Meadow Mouse

Have you ever fished with a Heddon Meadow Mouse? How did you do? The reason... Read More

The Joys of Trout Fishing

The thrill of trout fishing! It is the best, isn't it? No matter where you... Read More

6 Things You Must Do If You Want To Have The Secret To Catching More Trout

It has always been my private conviction that any man who pits his intelligence against... Read More

Planning Your Fly Fishing Trip

When planning for your fly fishing trip in Wyoming, there are several factors that should... Read More

Tastes Like Chicken!

For the most part, I am an advocate for catch and release fishing.Sustaining the fish... Read More

The Only Fishing Experts You Should Listen Too

Everyone's an Expert, So Who Has The Right Answers?Have you ever been stuck in a... Read More

Fishing on Your Pontoon Boat

Fishing on your pontoon boat can be both a relaxing and fun experience. Fishing from... Read More

Fish Cooking Basics - How to Transform Those Fish You Just Caught into a Wonderful Seafood Dinner

Fish Cooking Basics I must admit that I have met more than a... Read More

The Peanut Butter and Jelly Paradox (PB&JP)

I started keeping a fishing calendar this past year. My thinking was that I would... Read More

Make Small Fortune In The Fishing Industry

Make Small Fortune In Fishing Industry.......now there is a headline you don't see very often.... Read More

Care And Repair Of Fishing Lures

Making fishing lures may be easy for the seasoned do-it-yourself angler. But the maintenance of... Read More

My Fishing Trip With The Pro

I was in Southwest Florida and was asked to go fishing by one of the... Read More